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The Creator's Temporal Order

  O' Glorious Milky Way...

  O' Milky Way Thou Glorious River of Light, illuminated by a Nebulous String of Lamps, endlessly shining their resplendent Song in the Night.
  As a cobblestone of precious gems paving their bright path, the trail blazed by the Light of the World to the Heart of the Temple of Almighty God.
  This effulgent Ageless Pathway, lit by these faceted luminaries, as sand pebbles shimmering onwards along the way of the All Truth, the Coming Redeemer foretold in the skies of antiquity, leading the Children of Light to their Everlasting Abodes in the Sanctified Pavilions and the Bejeweled Foundations of New Jerusalem. 

Another Celestial Verse by Rene' Fretz ©

Biblical cosmology

  There was a time when the "Big Bang" cosmology enjoyed nearly unanimous acceptance in scientific realms, but many see those days on the wane. Only a decade ago, the Standard Model of the Big Bang enjoyed an acceptance and comfort level among Scientists and Cosmologists that was unprecedented, but some still asked: What happened before the "Big Bang"? The popular answer left much to be desired in the minds of many. Since Science in general, and the Standard Model of the Big Bang specifically, have no way of looking beyond the boundaries of this supposed inception of our Universe, their answer for the most part, has been; "there was nothing before the Big Bang." There are some cosmologists who are more honest in their approach, like Dr. Michio Kaku, an eminent physicist who readily admits that "We have no clue what happened before the Big Bang." This realistic approach admits and recognizes the boundaries of scientific investigation, unlike the Russian Cosmonauts who, upon first achieving Earth orbit, looked into space in search of God, and seeing nothing that looked like their conception of God, "proved" that He did not exist. However, as some realize the blindness of this view, a growing number of people realize that the notion of "nothing before the Big Bang" will never explain the initial conditions that gave rise to the finely-tuned, symmetrical and coherent Creation that we inhabit, and this is only part of the problem with the Big Bang. This theory has also artificially ruled out the idea of an Intelligent Designer in favor of an Evolutionary Naturalism that first produced life on Earth. However, science presently is not qualified to speak on the subject of origins, but as soon as they can duplicate what happened in the beginning in a test tube, or clinic of their choice, we will hear them on the subject. Some of those who agree with Dr. Kaku's view above, while admitting thier lack of knowledge on the subject of origins, try to put everyone else in their state of ignorance. Those of us who acknowledge the Creator however, are not ignorant but enlightened. This is perhaps where Biblical cosmology can provide answers that lie beyond the bounds of what Science alone, or combined with eastern mysticism, can postulate. In this study we will investigate the Biblical evidence of our "origins," with the goal of gaining a more complete understanding of Creation, from the Godly ordering and Intelligent Design inherent in the Universe. In order to grasp this, we must investigate what constitutes the Creator's Intelligent Design in its basic elements so that we can readliy identify it.
We will also study the so-called Age-Times that are inherent in Scripture. Our understanding of how the The Heavens declare the glory of God [Ps. 19:1], will be proportional only to the extent and degree that we can understand the light of God as it is reflected in the celestial bodies, and here on Earth. Our understanding of this revelation of God, Who is Light, is dependent upon how the ancient star names are divinely used in Scripture, which defines a key principle of Biblical Astronomy. The decan of Orion represents a major aspect of this revelation of the Light of God in the Heavens. The ancient Akkadian name for this decan was Urana-the light of heaven, and depicts the ultimate victory of the light of God over the forces of the darkness of this world, as seen in Orion's raised foot [Rigol-the foot that crushes] over the head of his enemy.1

The Horsehead Nebula in Orion [Coming forth as Light]

coming forth as light

  A study of cosmology is needed from a Biblical perspective because Scripture has the advantage of being divinely inspired, all we need to do is let it speak without private interpretation [II Pet. 1:20], and we will gain tremendous insight into what the Creator of the Heavens and Earth has to say about what He created. There are numerous scientific theories pertaining to the origin of all things, but the realms of science only extend as far as the human eye, or technology can see. Once we reach the limits of our senses we can only turn to human speculation, spiritualism, metaphysics, or to God's own Wisdom. Due to the inherent short-comings of man's wisdom, the solid ground of the truth of God's Word is infinitely preferable over the alternatives. The debate over the origins of Creation has been ongoing for a long time, and in the minds of many it is a conflict between Science and Religion. However, in modern science where human wisdom rules, science enlists the aid of religion and society to help explain what lies beyond man's senses. This is the case with scientific cosmology, whose faith rests in the short-sighted materialistic world of empirically verifiable evidence. If evidence to the contrary arises, Science mobilizes all its social resources to defend the sacred ground of its scientific cosmology or world-view of the day. The road of history is strewn with discarded cosmologies that fell victim to the paradigm shifts of new and scientifically superior cosmologies that supplanted archaic world views, and the passionate throes of these "life and death conflicts" (look how long it took the Roman Catholics to get over a geocentric worldview) is many times tragic if not entertaining. But, if we allow God's Word to speak on its own behalf, we will see that true science will not contradict the Word of God. Science across varied fields of inquiry, has had success in tracing the chain of Causality back through time. Much of science's progress in fact can be traced to this very process. Regarding this, Robert Jastrow observes that:

"Now we would like to pursue that inquiry farther back in time, but the barrier to further progress seems insurmountable. It is not a matter of another year, another decade of work, another measurement, or another theory; at this moment it seems as though science will never be able to raise the curtain on the mystery of Creation.
For the scientist who has lived by his faith in the power of reason, the story ends like a bad dream. He has scaled the mountains of ignorance, he is about to conquer the highest peak; as he pulls himself over the final rock, he is greeted by a band of theologians who have been sitting there for centuries." 2

   This scenario seems increasingly suited to the facts, as modern scientific research continues to confirm and support Biblical truth more than 2000 years old. This web-site points out many instances where Biblical truth far preceeded scientific re-discovery of the facts of a given situation or field of research. For example, Edwin Hubble's "discovery" of the Expansion of the Universe is referred to numerous times in Scripture, going back to at least 500 BC in the book of the 
prophet Isaiah [Isa. 40:22, 25-26, 44:24, 45:12]. This is only one of many Biblical examples we have documented, that shows the Revelation of Scripture far in advance of human Science. In spite of the fact that Science pays very little if any attention to these truths, scientists are increasingly aware that a single experiment in their specialized field of study, will not yield the fundamental insights that will unify our modern scientific world-view. When science reaches the boundaries of its knowledge, it requires faith to extend beyond those limits, even as religion does. Science tells us certain things about the temporal realities of our observable universe, yet we have not seen the limits of our Universe, even with the power of the Hubble Space Telescope. If anything the HST has only given us a basic idea of the vastness of the universe, and its seemingly infinite vistas are nowhere near Creation's limits. 
  As the physicist Karl Popper has stated "our knowledge is only finite, while our ignorance is infinite." This is part of God's intended Design to teach man that he will never fathom the depths of the Creation, let alone his Creator with his five senses alone, or a worldview based on Materialism. Kurt Gödel's Second Incompleteness Theorem is consistent with this, which goes like this: "Science must remain inherently open ended and exploratory because there will never be a complete and comprehensive scientific account of the Universe that can be proved valid." Yet in the faces of these scientific voices of reason fly the atheistic bombastics who still brainwash the masses with their exclusive doctrines of Materialism-what foolish blockheaded impudence is this!?? 

The Hubble "Deep Field" of Multiple Galaxies

deep field

   If we classify a Biblical cosmology in modern scientific terms, what it proposes would fall in the category of an "alternating universe" with an ex nihilo creation. This refers to a creation "out of nothing" with no prior raw materials. Contrary to popular opinion, the Big Bang theory is not included in this category because its based on a Singularity, which is based on running "the clock" of the Expansion of the Universe in reverse until we reach an extremely small, densly compact and heated "Singularity," just prior to the explosion of the Big Bang. This idea is very similar to the ancient Hindu notion of a cosmic or golden egg, from which all creation grew. The Omnipotent, Omniscient and Omnipresent Christian God spoke Creation into being out of His eternal wisdom. Only the Eternal Creator Himself preexisted His finite creation, and He required no Space-Time "universe" to exist in, because He lives beyond the finite Boundary conditions and limits of Space-Time. Unlike this ancient Hindu cosmology which holds an infinite progression of alternating universes, another form of "steady state" or so-called "metaverse" cosmology, the cosmology of the Bible provides only three "alternating universes." They are the First, Second and Third Heavens and Earth. This study wil provide the Scriptural foundation for an age-time called the First Heavens and Earth, which was the previous universe that gave rise to, and provided the initial conditions for the Second Heavens and Earth that we inhabit today.  Contrary both to the opinions of popular religions, or Creationism, and evolutionary dogma, this age-time is not founded upon an evolutionary concept of long geological ages, millions or billions of years in length. As we will see it is based upon the irrefutable witness of the Scriptures, which stand on the very solid ground of their own inherent and inerrant authority. In fact, as our study will show, once the Scriptures are allowed to speak, they will prove just the opposite, that very long geological ages should never have been associated with the age-time of the First Heavens and Earth, which some have labeled the "gap theory."
  If we believe God's Word to be true, then this record must not flow at cross-purpose, or contradict the Creation record of Genesis 1, or any other Scriptural record that addresses the same subject. In truth, the 7-day Genesis Creation record will finally be understood for what it really is, not an original creation, but a reforming and reordering of the the ruined First Heavens and Earth, whose ruins remained partially intact after it was destroyed. The truth of God's Word stands par excellence above any human theory, and it should not be compromised to accommodate empiricism or anything else. God's Word speaks just fine on its own authority, and any true science will not contradict it. Science required millenia in an effort to conquer the highest peaks of their "mountains of ignorance," because their efforts were expended only with the natural, empirical knowledge of the five senses. This was destined to reach it's ultimate limits where only the timeless verities spoken in God's Word can reveal the truth of the matter. Progress would have sped up immensly had they shown a little faith in God's Revelation, but by definition, Science is bound to the snail's pace of verification by the standards of empiricism, with trial and error. Although science has provided great advances in human knowledge, its inherent limits will never "raise the curtain on the mystery of Creation." A good example of this is found in an Evolutionary Natural Selection that cannot account for the origins of life, but only life that ostensibly "selects" for its own advantage, after life was already Created. Furthermore, Evolutionary science does not, and cannot account for the genetic instructions inherent in DNA, that pre-program the amino acids to build themselves into the protein chains that form the "building blocks" of life on Earth. For this to have happened by chance would require something like the Reference Section of the Library of Congress to form spontaneously in all its ordered sentences and volumes, from an explosion of a word processor! But scientific materialists are bound to believe this, before they would ever give the Almighty credit for something that only He is capable of pulling off! That would be OK if they were just talking about their personal beliefs, but these High Priests of Materialism are committed to shoveling this dung heap on the rest of us, to the exclusion of any other viewpoint. This will not stand!  
Only the Perfect Wisdom of the Intelligent Design of our Heavenly Father can account for the genius behind the inherent pre-programming at the foundations of Life [John 1:2-4]. 

foundations of life
   Contrary to utopian thought, science or any kind of human wisdom can never save humanity, no matter how far our empiricism progresses. We should have learned this lesson from the serpent's temptation of Eve, who seduced her into thinking that she could attain a higher form of conciousness, or be more "like God" if she only possessed the knowledge of evil that God was supposedly holding out on her. The serpent's temptation occurred as the enemy took Eve's female form, projecting to her a picture of the "wise" serpentine woman the serpent desired for her to become, as depicted above in Eve's encounter with the serpent at the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. We all are witness the destructive fruits of that kind of thinking, and "all creation still groans" [Rom. 8: 19-23] from the consequences of the fall of man, when evil was activated from the realm of "potential" into reality. Thus we should avoid these pitfalls of false logic at all costs. If and when true science reaches towards the essence of a matter, it will only support the witness of Scripture, when they speak on the same subject. As the Creator, God first Initiated & Organized all things, and His Wisdom and understanding surpasses anything man could ever concieve [Ecc. 3:11, Isa 40:28]. With this in mind our approach is one that takes into consideration scientific data with a Biblical worldview, or paradigm guiding us as the masterplan that generally categorizes the scientific data according to Biblical truth. The view of the Apostle Paul is instructive in these matters as He wrote by revelation in the second chapter of the epistle of I Corinthians.

I Corinthians 2:4-16

4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: 5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. 6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world [aion], nor of the princes of this world [aion], that come to nought: 7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world [aion]unto our glory: 8 Which none of the princes of this world [aion] knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9 But as it is written, eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world [kosmos], but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. 16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

  The Bible uses words specifically with an accurate precision that surpasses human wisdom. We can uncover the Wisdom of God, and the details of His Will by simply searching the Scriptures which reveal His Wisdom, as nothing else does. God has also left evidence of His Word manifest in the Works of His Hands. As we compare these two Testaments of Truth, the Almighty, Omniscient wisdom of the Creator becomes clear. The goal of this study is to uncover the Biblical truths concerning God's temporal organization of His Creation. This study will also reveal much regarding what happened prior to the reorganization of the ruined First Heavens and Earth, and the role they played in determining the initial conditions and the formation of the Second. Once we know what God's Word says on a subject, true science-a Science that does not willfully seek to undermine the wisdom, power and authority of the Creator, will support it. Some believe that Scriptural truth should be conformed to empiricism, but as v. 5 above states: our faith should not stand in the wisdom of men but the power of God. The Creator's Works, ruled by His Laws of Nature, or Conservation Laws will ultimately support the Spoken and Written Word of God, because they both originate from the same unchanging and invariant Source. One thing is certain, the origins of Creation require a belief in something beyond the five senses, no matter where, how, or by Whom you believe they originated. These truths reside beyond the realms of science, thus when those of the evolutionary camp accuse Creationists of promoting religion, when science can only speculate on these answers, they only accuse believer's of exactly what they themselves are guilty of, as a cover for their own inherent limitations. Besides, the fact that Darwinism itself, requires a beginning or incept point for the evolutionary cycle, makes this "percieved division" look like a false dichotomy in the first place. This ongoing turf battle however, is not the main subject of this study. We are far more interested in how Science complements the Truth of the Scriptures. The epistle of I Corinthians 2 begins our study of age-times, that puts us on the road to understanding God's temporal order of Creation.
  Verse 7 above refers to a special aspect of God's wisdom which was hidden in His foreknowledge, since before the world was even created. The Greek word for "world" in this verse-aion,
[G165] refers to an age or time. This word is featured in the context of I Corintians 2:6-8, clustering four times in two verses. This word stands in contrast to the Biblical usage of kosmos [G2889], in verse 12, which refers primarily to people or space. Here we see two key elements of God's Symmetry in Creation, which reveals the principles of His Intelligent Design. As aion refers to time and kosmos to space, we can see the same elements that Science has identified as basic to understanding our world. Where we find patterns of identical spacing or periodicy, and the regularity of repeated elements along a temporal line, we will find Symmetry. These are some basic elements that order our conception of Space-Time from Einstein's Theory of Relativity. This is not to say that a Biblical conception of reality is based on a materialistic or Relativistic view of Space-Time, but it does show how the Scriptures organize our reality in terms, not at variance with Science from a certain view. Beyond this however, we will notice infinite patterns of beauty underlying the processes whereby God ordered the temporal world. Our study of Symmetry from a Biblical perspective, will yield much more fruit along these lines as we progress. In our study of the Biblical cosmology & The Creator's Temporal Order, we will consider the Bible's usage of the phrase; "the foundations of the world" [kosmos], but let us first consider the Greek word "aion." According to Thayer's:  

Aion denotes duration and continuance of time, divided into varied periods, the shorter of which are comprehended in the longer. It can refer to ages of eternity in the past or future, or the duration of the ages of this world. When Aion is rendered "forever," "eternal," or "everlasting" we must be aware of the context, because aion rarely refers to "all time" but more often age specific duration. It also refers to all that exists in the world under temporal conditions, including the causes of current world affairs.

   As we begin our study of the Creator's temporal order, we will observe the Biblical usage of the Greek word aion
, to determine its different shades of meaning in the various contexts where it occurs. We will see how this word applies not only to the Three Heavens and Earths in the Creator's temporal order, but also Spiritual Administrations, which are "shorter periods that are comprehended in the longer." This will guide us in our understanding of God's organization of the temporal world, and answer many questions that have perplexed Christians for aeons. Let's continue our study of the word aion in the 11th chapter of Hebrews.

Hebrews 11:3
3 Through faith we understand that the worlds [aion] were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

  The faith that is required to help us understand the Creator's temporal order is not supplied by the wisdom of men, but the power of God. As the context relates in Heb. 11:1; faith... is the "evidence of things not seen."People can believe what they see, because believing is an action of the natural mind, based on empirical evidence of the five senses. People however cannot believe what they can't see, hear, smell, taste or touch, they can only have faith in the unseen. This is not an exercise in semantic gymnastics but a study of the precise way the Bible uses the word "aion," because our study will define the Biblical usage of this term, not according to the haphazard human usage of words, but according to the standards of God's divinely inspired Scripture, Who inspired it's writing with mathematical exactness. The very nature of science is based on empirical evidence that can be verified, or tested in the category of the 5 senses. Thus, Hebrews 11:3 is telling us that if we really want to understand [G3539-noeo] the "framing of the age-times," faith is required, 5 senses believing won't fully grasp it! The Greek word for "understand" above means: "to perceive with the thought coming into conciousness as distinct from the perception of the senses. It is also distinguished from experiential knowledge [G1097-ginosko].
   The temporal pillars by which God ordered His Creation will only be understood in the revealed wisdom of His Word [Rom. 10:17]. This is a major departure from those who hold that science and Materialism alone will reveal the mysteries of creation, and God's temporal order. The "worlds" or age-times were framed by the Spoken Word of the Creator. The Greek word for "framed" in this verse is katartizo
[G2675], with a primary meaning to put a thing in its appropriate position, to establish, set up, equip or arrange, [IThess. 3:10]. It also means adjust, perfect, finish, complete, [I Pet. 5:10]. It has an additional meaning to refit, repair, mend, or reconcile, [Matt. 4:21]. Thus Hebrews 11:3 is telling us that the age-times were not only set up and established by God's Spoken Word, but katartizo also includes the idea of  aeons being repaired or reconciled by His Word. For this to occur, a degradation of the original order and more perfect Symmetry of these age-times would have required some repairing and re-ordering. We will revisit this idea when we look at the Creation record in Genesis 1. Before we do this though, we should clearly define some different types of age-times apparent in the Word of God. We have already seen aspects of the Creator's Omniscience, in His perfect foreknowledge of events, as they occur in time. As the Omnipotent and Eternal Creator Who spoke all Creation into being, He has always Been, and always will Be. The reality of the Creator is not confined inside temporal bounds. He is both outside and above time, and all temporal constraints. This not only assumes and requires temporal boundaries to Creation, not an infinite Creation that some still teach today, but it also demands that the Creator be distinct from His Creation, negating the notion that the Creation itself has "conciousness."
  Since Hebrews 11:3 clearly indicates that the Spoken Word of the Creator is the source "of things which do appear,,
" we know that God did not initially create these things out of any "proto-matter" or pre-existent raw material. God Himself was all that pre-existed the First Heavens & Earth. The Light of God was manifest in Creation in His Spoken Word, which at its most fundamental level is the vibrational energy field which encompasses both the sound and light of God, which constitute the fields that underlie all Creation. Genesis 1 records that every time God Spoke... an aspect of Creation came into manifestation. And God Said let there be light... and there was, etc. If there ever was a true basis for a so-called "theory of everything" this is it!! In other cosmologies and schools of thought, the idea of an infinite Universe is convenient because it negates the need for a beginning or incept point of Creation. If the Universe is infinite, it has always been, but this is contrary to the witness of Scripture and even the Big Bang cosmology for that matter. In the ages of eternity past, God the All-powerful Creator was the only Living Being. I Corin. 2:7 above refers to His hidden wisdom which God ordained before the world [aion] unto our glory. Before the Creator ordered the temporal shores, God knew ahead of time, before the world began, each and every one of His children who would share in the revelation of this hidden wisdom, [Rom. 16:25, Eph. 3:9-11, Col. 1:26].
   From His Omnipresent perspective unbound by temporal constraints, God's view-point is far above the perspective of humanity [I Cor. 2:11-14]. He has a "bird's eye-view" of all ages and events in time, and He knew how everything would turn out before He set all the temporal wheels in motion. 
Our study centers on the temporal bounds of the Creation, including the Timeline within Creation, which delineates different types of age-times. First, there are longer age-times called Heavens and Earth's marked out in God's temporal order. The gospels speak of matters pertaining to this world or age-time and also in the world or age-time to come, [Matthew 12:32, Mark 10:30, Luke 18:30, Eph. 1:21]. One age-time to come is called the third heaven in II Corinthians 12.

II Corinthians 12:2-4
2 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) 4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

    These verses record a man (Paul himself & the Apostle John), who was privy to a special revelation from God concerning a future age-time called the Third Heaven and Paradise. This does not refer to the Original Paradise in the Garden of Eden, but a future Paradise, or place on Earth that equates with the New Jerusalem described in Revelation 21-22. This future or Final Paradise is the glorious city whose builder and maker is God, that Abraham sought after as the father of Israel. For those Judean believers who share in the final victory of Good over evil, and Light over darkness, they will enjoy an everlasting glory with the King of Kings, the Lord Jesus Christ. This is the battle that is currently raging in the world and age-time that we inhabit, the Second Heavens and Earth. As the Children of Light, the believers stand against the forces of spiritual darkness ruled by the prince of the power of the air, which encompass some of the energy fields of our natural world, ruled by the Entropy Law, also called the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Later we will see how the enemy manipulated certain of these energy fields in creation to ruin the First Heavens and Earth. The record leading up to the unveiling of the previously mentioned hidden wisdom, is found in Ephesians 2.

Ephesians 2:1-10
1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

   In verse 2 the word "course" is aion [G165], while the Greek word for "world" is kosmos [G2889]. The current kingdoms of the world are ruled by the adversary, but the prince of the power of the air does not rule over the Second Heavens and Earth, nor does he own the Heavens or Earth, only the spiritual kingdoms of the fallen angels and the natural realms of the flesh, that were handed over to him when Adam fell, [Gen. 3:14, Luke 4:6]. These two Greek words are both used pertaining to Satan's dominion as the "god of this world [aion]" [II Cor. 4:4, I Cor. 2:6-8], referring to his temporal dominion, as it is distinct from Satan as the "prince of this world" [kosmos], referring to his spatial or geographic dominion, [John 12:31, 14:30, 16:11]. The tempter even tempted the Lord Jesus Christ himself, with some of these aspects of his dominion [cp. Matt. 4:8-9, Luke 4:5-7]. I John 2:15-17 tells us this world [kosmos] and all that is in it, is passing away, and if we love the world then the love of the Father is not in us. The true God, our Heavenly Father retains authority over the Heavens and Earth, which were not deeded to the first Adam, and thus were not included in the dominion that passed to the serpent as a result of the temptation and Fall of Man in the Garden of Eden, [Ps. 8:1-3, Isa. 37:16, I Cor. 10:26]. These distinct limits on the dominion of the adversary, point out the difference between aion, in reference to 3 Heavens and Earths, as opposed to aion referring to Spiritual Administrations [Eph. 3:2, Col. 1:25-27], which are the shorter ages comprehended in the longer. This distinction is clearly defined in the Timeline section of our website. The enemy did not gain the dominion to the world kingdoms until Adam and Eve were cast out of Eden, beginning the spiritual administration of the Biblical Patriarchs. The serpent was under Adam's rule and authority, until the time in Original Paradise, when the enemy tempted Adam and Eve, causing their fall and ejection from the Garden of Eden, as seen below in Michelangelo's fresco from the Cistine Chapel. At this point Adam handed over his dominion to the serpent [Psalm 8:3-8]. As this study proceeds we will see other dimensions of spiritual dominion and authority that will come to light.

garden of eden

   A common mistranslation of Psalm 8:5, regarding man is that God made him a little lower than the "angels." The Hebrew word for angels here is [Elohim], the word that refers to God as the Creator [Gen. 1:1]. Man's authority was not a little lower than the angels, but lower than God Himself. This refers in part to the distinct difference between Adam's authority referenced in Psalm 8 and Genesis 1:28-30, and God's authority as Creator. This is certainly true regarding the dominion and authority of God's only begotten Son Christ Jesus, who is second only to God, being a perfect aspect of His creation [I Corin. 15: 21-28]. As brothers and joint-heirs with Christ, God raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: [Eph. 2:6]. This is only one aspect of the "riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints... where we are seated in the heavenly places in Christ, at the right hand of the Heavenly Father, far above all principality, power, might and dominion, not only in this world [aion] but also the coming age [Eph. 1:18-22].

   In the ages [aion] to come in Ephesians 2:7, God shows the exceeding riches of His Grace, when the spiritual forces of darkness are fully exposed and vanquished in Christ. As we stand in the power of Christ, our authority is active now in this age, as well as the coming one. Our full glory in these coming ages [aion-Eph. 1:21] will be revealed in the Third Heaven of II Cor. 12:2, which refers to an age-time that has a beginning but no end. This is an example of one distinction between the more common age-times or Spiritual Administrations that have both a clearly defined beginning and end, [Matt. 13:39]. This can also be said regarding the First and Second Heavens and Earth, as opposed to the Third. In our summary of the temporal order of these age-times in the Timeline section of this website, we emphasize the Second and Third Heavens and Earths, along with the astronomical age-times of the precession of the equinoxes. The main emphasis of this article centers more on the details of the First Heavens and Earth. We can see clear references to the
First Heavens and Earth in the Epistles of Peter.

II Peter 3:3-7
3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, 4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. 5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: 6 Whereby the world [kosmos]
that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:
7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men

   Verse 3 above refers to "scoffers" or "mockers" in the last days [Jude 18], and there are many today who fall into this category of those who "scoff" at the truth of Scripture, or hold it in derision. Many of those in the evolutionary school of origins, have held to their version of Creation without God, "walking after their own lust,"and their sense knowledge Materialism, often in spite of physical evidence to the contrary. As we know however, scientific evidence is always changing, and the history of scientific theory is strewn with the bleached bones of theories gone out of fashion, and cast aside like carcases when they have outlived their usefulness. In this light, the section in verse 4: "all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation," is intriguing for a number of reasons, which we will consider presently. First, this phrase sets the context of the following verses as the "beginning of the creation." This is an important key that many have glossed over in connection with these early verses of II Peter 3. Verse 5 supports the truths we have seen already in Heb. 11: "that the worlds [aion] were framed by the word of God." However, the Bible record in II Peter 3:5 specifically refers to "the Heavens of old," which are disctinctly different from the Heavens and Earth which are now [v. 7]. On one level this difference is seen in the idea that the celestial bodies of the heavens including the Sun, Moon and Stars were not created by God until the Fourth Day of Creation [Gen. 1:14-17], in the Second Heavens and Earth, and thus were not part of the First Heavens and Earth. This does not agree with the Big Bang theory which says that the stars did not form according to their model of evolutionary cosmology, until a billion years after the Big Bang
  The Heaven of the Heavens also refers to the Creator's dwelling-place, which is embodied in the meaning of the Greek word for "Heavens" in II Peter 3:5-7, and the specific shade of meaning must be determined from the context as we are doing here. On another level, this difference is seen in the Greek word for "old"
[ekpalai], which is a compound word consisting of "palai," and the preposition "ek." According to E.W. Bullinger, "ek governs only the genitive case, and denotes motion from the interior, meaning "out from," and marking the more immediate origin." 3 The word "palai" [G3819] refers to time signifying the past in contrast with the present. Spiros Zodhiates notes an important distinction between "what is over and gone, passed away, and what has existed for a long time. Palai in reality means old, or what lies behind. In II Peter 1:9 what is designated as old (palai) sins, does not mean as having taken place in the past, but as belonging to a past which in consequence of the cleansing, is over and gone."4

   Dr. Zodhiates points out that "ekpalai" as it appears in II Peter 1:9: in reference to "the believer being purged from his old sins" refers to the new creation, or the spiritual rebirth, and regeneration of the believer [Eph. 2:10]. As II Cor. 5:17, tells us: any man in Christ is a New Creation, old things are passed away, behold all things are become new! These 2 occurences of "palai" in II Peter, draw specific comparison between the regeneration of all Creation, to the new spiritual Creation in each believer. This documents the active power of Christian belief in a personal God Who is intimately concerned and involved in the Loving regeneration of each of His children, versus an impersonal God Who was engaged in the regeneration of the natural world. This is the dynamic salvation through Christ, that separates Christianity from other religions of the world. This entrance into newness of life resulting from our spiritual rebirth in Christ is not just something that happened in our past, its much bigger than that! It dosen't refer to only a change over time, but to a qualitatively new beginning, an entirely new life in Christ, who washed away our old sins, [Eph.2:10]. This separation between the temporal and qualitatively new, when applied in our current study, undeniably separates the First Heavens and Earth, which belonged to the former old Creation, that has passed away, from our Second Heavens and Earth, which are now. The old Creation was the angelic dominion which was ruined by Lucifer's revolt, when iniquity was found in him. Its pristine purity would have been corrupted by the activation of spiritual Entropy, from its dormant state. As long as the angels obeyed God's Laws they enjoyed the Grace of His light, and evil remained in the realm of potential, in an inactive state. When it became actively empowered by the rebellious wills of the angels in revolt, the First Heavens and Earth became corrupted, even as the the innocence of Eden was violated by the disobedience of Adam and Eve.   
  Are the Heavens and Earth we inhabit today perfect? No. We are still in the process of moving towards the restored Symmetry of the Third Heaven and Final Paradise, so we can expect more changes in store [I Cor. 7:31], until we reach the heavenly country where Christ's dominion rules over all, and the enemies of our God are vanquished [I Cor. 15:24]. But this does clear up some confusion regarding the Creation process and the broken Symmetry of the initial conditions which gave rise to the Second Heavens and Earth that we inhabit today, and how they are qualitatively diverse from the First Heavens and Earth that preceded them. 
   This parallel between the Creation of the New Birth, and the Creation of the Heavens and Earth deserves further attention. In man's first estate in the Garden of Eden, Adam enjoyed a perfect vertical fellowship with His Creator, being created [Gen. 1:27] in the spiritual image of God. Adam also enjoyed perfect horizontal fellowship with Eve. Any husbands out there interested in that today? However this perfect original state was ruined when they succumbed to the serpent's temptation. The serpent is the same agent who threw the pristine Symmetry of the First Heavens and Earth into ruin, when iniquity was found in him, and he led his angels in revolt against the true God. We will take a more detailed look at this revolt below. The 12th chapter of the book of Revelation provides the details of Lucifer's fall from heaven. The graphic below is a painting in the Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, by Pol Limbourg, depicting the Archangel Michael delivering a decisive blow to the dragon in their battle of the ages.

archangel michael

Rev. 12:3-9
And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. 4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven [angelic beings], and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. 5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to His throne. 6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and three-score days. 7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon [the Devil]; and the dragon fought and his angels, 8 And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.  9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

  In the myths of ancient Egypt this dragon was known as Typhon, and was depicted in the Denderah zodiac as a circumpolar crocodile similar to behemoth in Job 40-41. In these Egyptian myths, Horus the Sun-god of light, which aligns with the imagery of Orion that we began this study with, destroys these circumpolar stars embodied in Draco the dragon, as the Sun rises. This myth was carried forward in its  western version as St. George destroying the Dragon. We also find a parallel with the recurrent theme in our studies in Biblical Astronomy of the archaic Morning Star being cast down by the ascendant Morning Star. This old serpent, and dragon was the cause of spiritual Entropy and overthrower of the Heavens of old, as the Bible records in Gen. 1:1-2. He also instigated the physical Entropy of the curse and broken Symmetry that fell on Creation resulting from the fall of Adam, in the Second Heavens and Earth. Biblical history records the age-times of the Creator's temporal order, that He designed to bring humanity back to perfect spiritual fellowship with Him, through the great deliverer, the Messiah Jesus Christ. This parallel is not just a convenient illustration of the truth, but a required condition of the created world, cursed when man himself was overthrown [Gen. 3:16-19]. Both Man and the Creation, over which he presided, are in need of restoration from the curse which were pronounced on them at Adam's fall. The 8th chapter of Romans expresses this reality most clearly.

Romans 8:19-23 [Amplified Bible]

   For [even the whole] creation (all nature) waits expectantly and longs earnestly for God's sons to be made known [waits for the revealing, the disclosing of their sonship]. For the creation (nature) was subjected to frailty (to futility, condemned to frustration), not because of some intentional fault on its part, but the will of Him Who so subjected it [yet] with hope. That nature (creation) itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and corruption [and gain an entrance] into the glorious freedom of God's children. We know that the whole creation [of irrational creatures] has been moaning together in the pains of labor until now
. And not only the creation, but we ourselves too, who have and enjoy the firstfruits of the [holy] spirit [a foretaste of the blissful things to come] groan inwardly as we wait for the redemption of our bodies [from sensuality and the grave, which will reveal] our adoption (our manifestation as God's sons).

   As the hope of all creation is bound up in, and with the hope of all mankind, this parallel between God's act of Creation both, in the spiritual new birth and regarding the Heavens and Earth is most powerful. From this perspective it is easier to see Christ, in the category of Creation, at its apex and pinnacle, coming as the one perfect man to bring the Grace of God, and the gift by grace, that abounded to all those who come unto it, to deliver them from the sin that entered into the world by one man-Adam. [Rom. 5: 12-21]. The usage of ekpalai in I Pet. 3:5 not only requires that "the Heavens of old" come before (in time) "the heavens and earth which are now," in II Peter 3:7, but, that the newness of our current Second Heavens and Earth is new in quality also.
  There are many theologians who ignore the reality of the First Heavens and Earth spoken of here and other places which we will look at shortly. However, they seemingly have not considered that they are assigning the blame, not only for the destruction of the First Heaven & Earth, but also the corruption and decay and Broken Symmetry that our current Heavens and Earth are in bondage to, to the Almighty Himself. This was not God's primary Will, but once the Second Heavens and Earth fell into ruin with the actvation of physical Entropy in Adam's fall, God was forced to hold the restoration of Creation in abeyance until the completion of mankind's redemption at the return of Christ in ultimate victory. This being the case, the majority of theologians are as guilty as the "scoffers" of Uniformitarianism that Peter warned us of above, who deny the reality of Christ's return by assigning the evil of decay and corruption to the Creator. Would the perfect and Omniscient Creator Himself be responsible for introducing the evil decay and corruption that causes the destruction of the Work of His own Hands? He wouldn't be perfect if He did, and He would have to contradict His own Nature in the process, which He would not and did not do [IICor. 6:14-17]! God would not instruct His children of Light, to have no fellowship with darkness, and in the process violate the Anthropic Principle that he established, and fellowship with darkness Himself!! Thus the error must lie in our misunderstanding or mistranslation of God's Word pertaining to this subject, since the error certainly does not lie with our perfect Heavenly Father.
  If instead we recognize that the destruction of the First Heavens and Earth resulted from Lucifer's revolt and the subsequent ruination of the first world, and the corruption that was activated at that time was the enemy's doing, even as the serpent tempted Eve to activate the corruption that ruined the Original Paradise of Eden, then we can avoid the sin of accusing and assigning this chaotic evil to our loving Heavenly Father. God is Light and in Him is NO Darkness AT ALL!!! Our God shares nothing in common with heathen gods of eastern mysticism, who embody the "controlled chaos" of a "union of opposities." On the contrary, the purity of our Heavenly Father is based on the truth that He is ALL LIGHT [James 1:17]. What is it about these absolutes [No Darkness; All Light] that God utilizes in describing the pristine purity of His Nature, that we do not understand, or refuse to accept?? Perhaps it is the habit of corrupt humanity to project our own sin nature on our imperfect conception of God, that we see at work here. Whatever the reason, it must stop, especially where Christians are concerned. Those who promote a heathen science will never give God the credit He alone deserves, as the Almighty Creator of this Universe we inhabit, but Christians must recognize and correct the errors of their doctrines before they promote them to other believers. We will look into this subject in more detail later in our study of the Genesis Creation record.   
  As we saw above in I Peter 3, the Second Heavens and Earth are not only newer than the First Heavens and Earth in relation to temporal sequence, but they are also new in qualityHebrews tells us, that despite this newness in time sequence and newness in quality, our present Heavens and Earth will also perish, and "wax old" [palaioo], which appears in the passive voice here meaning, they will grow old or "decay" [Heb. 8:13], consistent with the record of its current bondage to decay and corruption above in Romans 8. This is due to the corrputive forces of Entropy that were activated at the fall of Adam, which occurred as a consequence of his disobedience to God's command [Gen. 2:16-17]. Again, how can the corruption & evil that resulted from disobeying God, be attached to God's Will and desire in any way?? By sheer logic alone, it shouldn't and can't, but is has been. This illustrates the fine line between theological doctrines and the contradictory doctrines of "the-illogical."

Hebrews 1:10-12
10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 11 They shall perish [apollumi]; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but Thou art the same, and Thy years shall not fail.

  From this reference, we can see a pattern taking shape regarding the First and Second Heavens and Earth. As the First Heavens & Earth perished, so today's Second Heavens and Earth will perish also, both being subject to Entropy law.  But the final state of perfection, when the dark forces that caused the destruction of the First & Second Heavens and Earth are finally vanquished once and for all, awaits us in the everlasting bliss of the Third Heavens & Earth. This part of the first chapter of Hebrews is quoted from the Psalms of David [Psalm 102:25-27, Isa. 51:6], where the nature of the Heavens & Earth are compared to a garment that wears out.

Psalm 102:25-27
25 Of old [H6440]hast Thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of Thy hands. 26 They shall perish [abad-H6], but Thou shalt endure: yea all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture Thou shalt change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and Thy years shall have no end.

    In contrast to our transient Heavens and Earth, the Creator's Spoken Word, the source of all Creation stands forever. He does not change. The first word for "old" in v. 25 above is paniym [H6440] the same word as in Genesis 1:2, referring to the "faces [paniym] of the deep." The foundations of the Second Heavens and Earth which are now, where certainly laid by the Creator, whose Spirit "moved upon the faces of the deep"- the floods of waters, that overflowed the First Heavens and Earth and destroyed them. This tells us that the boundaries of Creation in both the First and Second Heavens and Earth were marked by the faces of the deep, or the cosmic ocean separating the Heavens and Earth from God's abode in the Heaven of Heavens [Gen.1: 6-8]. This destruction of the First Heavens and Earth, by a catastrophic flood is consistent with the record of II Peter 3:5-6, which tells us the "old" Earth was flooded and it perished. We have seen that the context of this record is "from the beginning of the creation." Unfortunately, many theologians have ignored the context, and interpreted the sixth verse in connection with Noah's flood. This cannot be true however, because of what we have just seen regarding the usage of ekpalai in verse 5. Noah's flood occurred later in the Second Heavens and Earth [Gen. 6-8], not the First, and as I recall from my pre-school arithmetic, the second does not come before the first.
   So what was the cause of this flooding and destruction of the First Heavens and Earth? First, the word "perished" in II Pet. 3:6 is apollumi [G622] meaning to destroy, either temporally or eternally. It is also used referring to "the destroyer" or "destroying one" as seen in Rev. 9:11, where this destroying angel, and king of the bottomless pit is called Apollyon in the Greek, Abaddon [H11] in the Hebrew. The Hebrew root word for Abaddon is Abad [H6], which is the word for "perish" in Ps. 102:26 above. This shows the common source of the destruction of both the First & Second Heavens and Earth. The same spiritual cause behind the First Heavens and Earth perishing is also behind the Second. Here the scene of the First Heavens and Earth begins taking shape. The abyss or bottomless pit spoken of here in Rev. 9:11 is transliterated from the Greek [abussos], which Thayer's Greek Lexicon calls the "immeasurable depth" or the "faces of the deep,"as in Gen. 1:2.5 The surface of these waters of the great deep, is what the Spirit of God moved upon, inspecting the damage and "disruption" that He, as the Creator, needed to repair resulting from Lucifer's revolt in heaven. This disruption of the First Heavens and Earth was manifested in what Science would call the "maximum Entropy state," a condition detailed in the laws of thermodynamics where there is no more matter available to be converted into energy to do work. All the energy was used up and everything came to a grinding halt. Science has a pet name for this which they call the "Big Crunch." The vast and "immeasurable depths" of the great deep don't refer to just the waters of the Earth's oceans, which man has measured, but to depths that flooded the First Heavens and Earth. This is one reason God made the celestial firmament during the framing of the Second Heavens, which "divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament," "dividing the waters from the waters" [Gen. 1:6-7]. This reveals the source of the waters that caused the deluge, constituting a major aspect of the destruction of the First Heavens and Earth. Since God did not make the firmament of heaven until the Second Heavens and Earth, it did not exist in the First Heavens and Earth. The presence of darkness that was upon the face of the deep, indicates the presence of these fallen angels who had turned away from God's Light, bringing this destructive flooding to pass [Job 26:5-6]. As a result they were cast out of heaven and their place was no longer found in the First Heavens [Rev. 12:8], thus the disruption of their rebellion caused the Earth to be without form and void, a land of chaos and destruction. This Greek word abussos, also occurs in Luke 8:31 where many devils [daimonion] dwelt in the man of the Gadarene's. This "legion" of devil spirits "besought him that he would not command them to go out into the abyss." In Matthew 8:29 and Mark 5:7 devil spirits besought Jesus that he wouldn't torment them before their time. This is the same abyss that the dragon, that old serpent which is the Devil and Satan, himself shall be imprisoned in for 1000 years [Rev. 20:1-3]. This prison & 
place of torment for devil spirits is also called Tartarus, from the Greek [tartaroo] as found in II Peter.

II Peter 2:4
4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell [
tartaroo] and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.  

  The angels that sinned here are connected with the destroying angel of the [Rev. 9:11] bottomless pit, who was imprisoned by God for causing the destructive flooding of the First Heavens and Earth. This angel named Apollyon, which is the same root word for "perished" in II Pet. 3:6 [apollumi], was doubtlessly a top angel [daimon] in Lucifer's 1/3 of the angels of heaven, who decided to follow him on his path of rebellion and disruption of the First Heavens and Earth. Notice that the Devil himself was not yet cast into Tartarus, perhaps because he got his underlings to do his bidding, and "take the fall for him." This is the only place this word is used in the Bible, which opens the door for us to consider the profane uses of this word in secular literature. Homer calls Tartarus the prison of the Titans, in Greek Myth, or Giants who rebelled against Zeus in this war in heaven. This is one example of ancient Myth preserving vestiges of the original truth that are lost, many times, in modern usage. These angels are confined in chains of darkness [zophos] in a place of torment, for their act of insurrection against God. This Greek word for darkness also appears in the epistle of Jude [6, 13], which describes what happened to these fallen angels of the First Heavens and Earth.

Jude 5-6
5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not. 6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

   These angels in their first estate were organized to reflect the Light of God in Praise to Him. This is the significance of the precious stones in Ezek. 28:13 below. Each jewel represents a different category of angelic dominion as they reflected the luminous glory of the Creator back to Him in praise. These angels were organized under three primary archangels: Lucifer, Michael and Gabriel. Ezekiel 28 below, gives a description of Lucifer as "perfect in beauty" and the anointed cherub upon the Holy Mountain of God, a figurative picture of the First Heavens and Earth, which has also survived into modern times in the myths of many cultures, such as Mount Olympus. This relates to the record in Genesis 1:1, In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth, that depict the age-time of the First Heavens and Earth, prior to the Creation of man, when God and His angels were the only ones around. A key point to consider regarding the Creator's Temporal Order, that sheds light on this important section of Scripture, is when did God create the angels? The events of the Creation Week in Genesis 1, do not record the creation of the angels, yet we can see from the records we are studying, that they were indeed created, in truth they were already in existence, which is why they did not need to be created in Genesis 1. Since, God's creation of angels is not recorded during the Creation Week in Genesis 1, it can only have occurred before these events, leading to the angel's first estate, indicated between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. This was a time of the perfect unity between God and His angels in the First Heavens and Earth, but as we have seen, it did not last. God's Word doesn't disclose how long this period was, and we really have no way of knowing this by any other means, because God's Word doesn't tell us and it is beyond the reach of human science. It does not have to be millions or billions of our years. Hebrews 4 nails down some specifics of the truth regarding important aspects of the Creation Week, which we will consider here.

Hebrews 4:2
For we which have believed do enter into rest, as He said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into My rest; although the works were finished from the foundation of the world [kosmos].

  This verse is one of 10 places in the New Testament where the words "the foundation of the world" occurs, where the Greek word katabole instead of themelios is used for "foundation." A study of this phrase reading in Greek: "katabole kosmou," indicates that rendering katabole [G2602] as "foundation" is a poor and misleading translation. Katabole is a compound word from the Greek preposition kata, governing the genitive and accusative cases [G2598], which  means down, ie down from, down upon, or down in. Thus it is primarily found as a prefix with implied downward motion. The second part of this word "bole" is from the Greek "ballo" [G906], meaning to cast or throw, strike, thrust, or be cast down. Therefore according Bullinger, the correct meaning in this context is to cast down or overthrow, while the noun derived from, and cognate to the verb katabole ought to be translated "disruption," or "ruin." This is exactly how the Concordant Literal New Testament renders katabole kosmou; as the disruption of the world. Bullinger goes on the say that: "in all occurences (except Heb. 11:11) this word [katabole] is connected with the world [kosmos]... clearly referring to the condition indicated in Gen. 1:2 and described in II Pet. 3:5-6... Ample New Testament evidence is thus given to the profoundly significant fact recorded in Gen. 1:2, that "the earth became tohu and bohu (waste and desolate); and darkness was upon the faces of the deep," before the creation of "the Heavens and Earth which are now."  These astute observations by E.W. Bullinger point out that God's original creation was not a formless waste. This would be a total contradiction to God's perfect nature, and a wasted effort. He did it right the First Time, as He always does, but due to the freewill He accorded the angels, the potential for disobedience on their part was present, and unfortunately became a reality.  
   This is precisely what is stated above in Hebrew 4:2 in the statement that the Creator's works were finished from, or since the disruption or ruin of the world [kosmos]. These consequences of Lucifer's revolt and ruining of the world demanded that God had to restore the kosmos in the Second Heavens and Earth that we inhabit today. These are the works that were finished in response to the enemy's disruption of Creation, which are recorded in the events of the Creation Week in Genesis 1-2. We will cover this restoration and reordering process in greater detail a little later.
   Revelation 21:23 describes the future in the Third Heaven and New Jerusalem where there will be no need for a Sun or Moon, because the glory of God, and the light of the Lamb will be the lights of the City of God. Ezekiel 28 goes into further detail about this first "golden age," of the First Heavens and Earth.

Ezekiel 28:11-16
11 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. 13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. 14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. 16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence and thou hast sinned: therefore I have cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

   The context of Ezekiel 28 initially addresses a man-the prince of Tyrus, [v.2] but then transitions to a description of Lucifer, the king of Tyrus [v.12], who was perfect from the beginning, until iniquity was found in him. Obviously the prince of Tyrus was not in the Garden of Eden, nor was he upon the Holy Moutain of God. This is a Biblical figure of speech called polynomia, meaning "many names." The pride of the prince of Tyrus [Ezek. 28:2] is compared to Lucifer's [Isa. 14:13-14], and this figure of speech was employed to emphasize this point, but the greater application is to Lucifer himself. His sin of rebelling against God and leading other angels under his authority in this rebellion, caused the angels to sin and be imprisoned in chains of darkness in Tartarus. As we can see, Lucifer did not start off evil, and God does not create anything evil or in confusion, because He is Light and in Him is no darkness at all, [I John 1:5]. He also dosen't change [Mal. 3:6]. Change is a characteristic of a temporal reality, and the true God is outside and above the constraints of time. However, because He created the angels with freedom of will, they had a choice to obey God or not. This is the same choice Adam had, thus as God gave man an option that was contrary to His Will, in the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Thus God created the potential for evil [Isa. 45:7]. He did this because His justice is perfect and He never oversteps the freewill of men or angels. If He didn't provide this alternative to His Will, then He would have legislated the outcome, bypassing freewill choice, which contradicts His perfect justice. The Book of Job describes this period when the Creator laid the foundations of the Earth.

Job 38:4-7
4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?
Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;
When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

   The Book of Job is chronologically, the oldest book in the Bible, and it is the only book that is addressed to the age-time or Administration of the Biblical Patriarchs. Job 38 addresses age-times prior to man's creation on the sixth day of the Creation Week in Genesis 1. The context of Job 38 is one of these sections, where God reveals to Job aspects of His Works as the Creator, that set Him completely apart and above His Creation.
   Since His understanding of His Creation is unique, and far above man's viewpoint, God points this out by emphasizing aspects of His Creation that man has limited, or no knowledge of. One of these is called the "cornerstone" in verse 6. According to the description in Job 38, this cornerstone was intimately related to the foundations of the Earth. The laying of this cornerstone by God caused the blissful unity of the angels, as they joyfully sang praises to the Creator in the First Heavens and Earth

An example of a Capstone like the one missing from the Great Pyramid

great pyramid

  This record of the angels in the blissful unity and harmony of their first estate, refers to the time in the First Heavens and Earth, prior to Lucifer's revolt and insurrection in heaven. The "cornerstone" is identified with the covering cherub of Ezek. 28:14 and 16 above, before he sinned and was cast out of the Mountain of God. A cherub is a special category of angels, found to minister in God's presence [Ezek. 1, 10:18-20]. As a created being [Ezek. 28:15], this angelic cherub was not born of woman, and thus does not refer to the human
prince of Tyrus. The Book of Jeremiah provides more details on events that transpired at the Mountain of God.

Jeremiah 51:24-26
And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the Lord. Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain saith the Lord, which destroyest all the Earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate forever, saith the Lord.

   When this covering cherub sinned in the First Heavens and Earth, he deceived one third of the angels to follow him, and forsake their first estate. Lucifer, the covering cherub of the First Heavens and Earth, the original cornerstone, where-upon the foundations of creation were fastened, thus was profaned and cast out of heaven. As the foundation stone of this first age-time, Lucifer directed the praise and worship of all the angels, as they reflected the Creator's light back to Him in glorious honor and worship. He orchestrated the angelic choral units in songs of praise that wondrously echoed through the joyful pavilions of light. [Ezek. 28:13] As the archangel of light, Lucifer was second only to God Himself in authority, but this was not good enough for him. His lust for power was the "original sin" that led to the disruption of the First Heavens and Earth that perished. From a logical standpoint alone, the serpent that tempted Eve in the garden had to have committed his rebellious act against God sometime prior to the time in the Garden of Eden. Ezekiel 28:13, has alreadly told us that this fallen covering cherub was in the Garden of Eden, but there is no time during the actual Creation Week that this could take place because God called everything "good," beginning in Genesis 1:4, and Heb. 4:2 states that the Creator's works were finished since the disruption of the kosmos, because God had to restore the world which had fallen into ruin. That only leaves us with the period in Genesis 1:1-2, when the Earth became without form and void, and darkness was upon the faces of the deep. This is the only time that allows for the destruction of the First Heavens and Earth, briefly described in Genesis 1:1-2. "Babylon" in Jeremiah 51:24 above, is a Biblical figure for the kingdom of these fallen angels who had become the destroyers of the Earth, bound in chains of darkness. As the leader of the fallen angels who are not currently bound, Satan would no longer be the cornerstone of Creation, this would be reserved not for a fallen angel of the First Heavens and Earth, but for the perfect man of the Second Heavens and Earth, Jesus Christ. The book of Isaiah relates the true foundation stone embodied in the promised seed and coming redeemer of man.

Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

   The foundation both for the physical temple in the City of God, and the spiritual temple is Jesus Christ. For the Judean believers of the Church of the Bride, they look to the Bridegroom Jesus. For those born again as New Creations in the Church of the Body, we share fully as joint-heirs in the Spiritual body of Christ. In either case, other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ , which is [I Cor. 3:9-16]. Jesus Christ himself is the cheif cornerstone... In whom we are built together for an habitiation of God through the spirit himself... , [Eph. 2:20-22]. Jesus' dominion and authority emcompasses greater realms than both Lucifer in his first estate with the angels, and the first Adam. Even as Jesus supercedes the first cornerstone so he also superceded the first Morning Star. We have already seen how the angels of the First Heavens and Earth were called morning stars in Job 38:7 above. These many choral units were led in their songs of praise by the Morning Star, the archangel of light Lucifer, the Son of the Morning [Isa. 14:12], who fell from heaven. Isaiah 14:4 relates how the authority of the "King of Babylon" pertains not only to fallen angels or devil spirits, but also the cheif ones of the earth and the kings of the nations in verse 9. This includes those of the serpent's seed [Gen. 3:15], who are named as the kings and merchants of the earth in the book of Revelation [Rev. 18:3, 9, 15, 23], where the fall of the "great city of Babylon" that decieved the nations by her sorceries, is recorded. Jesus' return as the bright and Morning Star [Rev. 22:16] will destroy the kingdom of Babylon once and for all. This is the completion of the cycle, where the archaic and fallen morning star, is put down for good by the conquering and ascendant Morning Star, Christ Jesus.

  The preceding study provides a strong Biblical basis for the Creator's Temporal Order of events, providing a backdrop to the Week of Creation in Genesis 1. The inerrancy of Scripture requires that these events from the First Heavens and Earth must flow consistently with the Creation record in Genesis 1. Once this is realized, the scientific evidence can be interpreted in light of Biblical truth. With this in mind, lets take a detailed look at the Creation record starting in Genesis 1.

The Genesis Record of the First Heavens and Earth

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

"God"- the first word in the Bible according to its proper order in the Hebrew, [Elohim] denotes the Creator in relationship to His Creation. Elohim occurs 35 times from Genesis 1:1-2:3. God was not only, the only One in the beginning, but He was also the only One before the beginning, in eternity past prior to the creation of time. Since God has always known all things and talks with Himself in complete and logical thoughts, unlike many of us, His Word was with Him also before, and in the beginning. [Jn 1:1]

his creation

  We can additionally understand this aspect of the Creator's Omniscience as God's foreknowledge [Romans 8:29, 11:2, Eph. 1:4-5, I Pet. 1:2, 20]. We have already seen from Hebrews 11, how the Word of the Creator framed the order of the age-times we have been studying. The Creation record in Genesis confirms this was the Spoken Word of the Creator by the words "and God said...[Genesis 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24, 26, 29]. The repitition of the word "and" in the Genesis Creation record, as in many other settings in Scripture, is the figure of speech polysyndeton. Bullinger states in his landmark book Figures of Speech Used in the Bible, that this figure "asks us to stop at each point, to weigh each matter, that is presented to us, and to consider each particular that is thus added and emphasized."6
   In Genesis 1, "God" is mentioned everytime polysyndeton is used, emphasizing each act of the Creator as He Spoke, moved, saw, called etc. Speaking things into being that have no prior existence, is only work the Creator can do. Elohim is in the plural to emphasize the vastness of the Almighty Creator. In our more common vernacular, this is also be understood in light of the "majestic plural." As some earthly monarchs in an official capacity have been known to do, they speak in the plural because they speak as the collective and unified voice of all their subjects. God's vast Omnipotence is stressed because only Elohim can create something out of nothing, or with no prior existence or raw materials. The Eternal, All-Light, All-Good, All-Powerful, All-Knowing and Everywhere Present, Heavenly Father & Intelligent Designer, is the only logical and sensible explanation for the nature of the Universe we live in. Our best scientific understanding of the fundamental physical elements in Creation are a combination of Einsteinian Space-Time as he explained in his theses on Relativity Theory, along with Quantum Mechanics. Quantum Theory holds the basic structure of matter divided into the weak nuclear force the strong nuclear force the Gravitational force and the electromagnetic force but, Quantum theory is much more concerned with the nuclear forces, where Relativity Theory is concerned with gravitation and electromagnetism. This will help us understand the structure and Symmetry of matter along with the nature of the destruction Lucifer pulled on the First Heavens and Earth, however, it does not extend beyond the Biblical context, to include eternity past, before time was ever created. 

   According to Bullinger, "the Heavens and the Earth" are always in the plural here and with the Hebrew particle 'eth, as in other places [Exod. 20:11, 31:17, Deut. 4:26, 30:19, 31:28, II Kgs. 19:5, II Chron. 2:12, Isa. 37:16, Jer. 23:24, 32:17, Hag. 2:6, 21], but not in Genesis 2:1, where there is no Hebrew particle 'eth!7  The study of the entire context of the Creation record in Gen 1, supports the article being omitted in Gen. 2:1.

Genesis 2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

   This sets the record in Genesis 1:1 apart from the record in Genesis 2:1 distinctly, so that they do not refer to the same event. Therefore, Gen. 1:1 is not included in the summary of the Creation Week events in Gen. 2:1. This point, along with all the related evidence we are presenting here, helps sets the foundation for the separation between the initial Creation of the First Heavens and Earth in Genesis 1:1, as opposed to what follows in reference to the Creation Week of the Second Heavens and Earth. The first Day of the Creation Week, describing God's re-ordering of what had fallen into ruin as a result of Lucifer's revolt, actually begins in Gen. 1:2, not Gen. 1:1. It is worthy to note here that "earth" in the first 8 verses of Genesis refers to the planet, and afterwards to the dry land. This is partially due to the fact that the dry land didn't appear until after God separated the waters above the firmament from the waters on the Earth's surface. Also, remember that the other planets, stars, nebula, moons, galaxies etc. were not created until the fourth day of Creation [Gen. 1:14-18], & the firmament itself not until the second day [Gen. 1: 6-8]. As the Creator designed the heavens to declare His glory and show His handiwork [Ps.19:1], the celestial bodies of the heavens were the first manifestation of the God's Written Word. This was the gospel in the stars written to the Biblical Patriarchs, prophesying of the coming redeemer of mankind. In the body of this human redeemer God's Spoken and Written Word would finally become flesh, [John 1:14], born of a woman. God knew ahead of time that this would happen, from before the beginning, because it was His eternal purpose in His foreknowledge [Eph. 3:11]. Thus, His Spoken Word was from the beginning, and with Him in the beginning, and this Word was the perfect expression of God [John 1:1]. God's Word is God's Will. His Word is His bond, or His covenant with us, His creation. Wherever God's Spoken, Written & Incarnate Word is revealed, His creation is enlightened. When this finally dawns on us, it makes it easier to see the Earth as the figurative center of Creation, with the God-given purpose of the celestial bodies being to "give light upon the earth." Thus, a fundamental aspect of God's Will is that the Earth dwell in Light, not darkness, which is why God is re-furbishing and re-decorating the Second Heavens and Earth here in Genesis 1. This is borne out in the remainder of the Creation record in Genesis, not to mention the rest of God's Word.

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form [tohoo], & void [bohoo]; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

   The first thing that grabs our attention is the repitition of the word "earth" both at the end of Gen. 1:1 and the start of Gen. 1:2. This is the figure of speech known as Anadiplosis. Biblical figures of speech are not haphazard as men use them, but they are an important aspect of God's Holy Scripture, placing divine emphasis on the words and ideas where the Holy Spirit wishes the emphasis to be placed, not where men do. Recognition of these figures is essential in allowing God's Word to speak for itself. The repitition of the word "earth" in this way, lays stress upon it as the most important word in the context. According to E.W. Bullinger; 

"Thus anadiplosis is the very first figure employed in the Bible. And it is used to call our attention to, and emphasize the fact that, while the first statement refers to two things, the heavens and the earth; the following statement proceeds to speak of only one of them, leaving the other entirely out of consideration. Both were created "in the beginning." But the earth, at some time, and by some means, and from some cause became a ruin: empty, waste, and desolate; or as it is expressed by another figure (paranomasia), tohoo and bohoo. Now, whatever may be the meaning of tohoo, it is expressly stated in Isa. 45:18, by Him who created the earth that: "He created it not tohoo." Therefore it must at, and after some subsequent period of unknown duration, have fallen into ruin which the second verse declares and describes. The repitition of the word "earth" here, directs our attention to this fact; and proceeds to describe the process by which the earth was restored and peopled."8 [emphasis mine

   As Bullinger mentions above, tohoo and bohoo in Hebrew is the figure of speech paranomasia. He defines this figure as "so-called because one word is placed alongside of another, which sounds and seems like a repitition of it. But it is not the same; it is only similar. The meaning may be similar or not, the point is that two or more words are different in origin and meaning, but are similar in sound or appearance."9

   In my mind, this figure carries some very interesting implications with its usage here in Genesis 1:2, the second figure of speech used in the Bible. The focus of these first two verses of the Bible is what happened to the Earth, so that it fell into ruin. Since God did not create it this way in the beginning, we should be aware of when, how and by whom the Earth got into this state of destruction. If Lucifer is the one behind the earth becoming an uninhabitable, and desolate waste, it is instructive to observe that one of his stated goals is to be like the Most High, [Isa. 14: 13-14]. Is this not what is implied by the use of paranomasia? The rhyming words [tohoo and bohoo] the Holy Spirit chooses to describe the destruction of the Earth, are similar in sound and appearance to each other. As the great deciever and counterfieter, [II Cor. 11: 3, 14] the adversary always uses words that are very close to the truth, similar in sound and appearance, but not the same. This is a primary mode of operation of the enemy, that he doubtlessly employed when he decieved the angels of the First Heavens and Earth, to follow him in his revolt in Heaven against the true God, causing the ruin of the Earth. This addresses by whom this destruction came about, and the rest of the verse and the immediate context bears this out. As far as how it was carried out, we must recall that Lucifer in his first estate, was the primary Angel of Light, second only to the Supreme Creator in the First Heaven and Earth. His actions to dismember physical light caused the Earth to become tohoo bohoo-a ruined empty waste. As the angel of light, or the Electromagnetic force Lucifer had the expertise to break physical light down to its component parts and effectively nullify it at a quantum level. The only explanation that seems to fit this picture from a scientific viewpoint is a Black Hole. This phenomena is the primary case where the Gravitational force is so strong, that not even light can escape its event horizon. By viewing the tohoo-bohoo state of destruction of the First Heaven and Earth as a Black Hole it gives us a scientific basis to understand the broken Symmetry of the Boundary conditions from which the Creator re-formed the foundations of the Second Heaven and EarthBlack Holes only had a theoretical basis until they were scientifically verified within the last few decades. A Black Hole Singularity has been found at the center of our Milky Way Galaxy as is the case with numerous spiral galaxies evident in the Hubble Deep Field. Its as if the Creator provided us a continual reminder of His mighty works, and the massive reclamation project that He re-formed out of the ruins of the First Heaven and Earth, even as we ourselves have been ressurrected from the destruction of our individual fallen states [Rom. 8:19-23]. We will find additional biblical evidence supporting this thesis below.    

   Another critical aspect of Gen. 1:2 which requires study is the word "was." The first "was" is in regular type while the second is italicized. An important function of the italics employed in the King James Version of the Bible is to distinguish the verb "to be" which has no Hebrew equivalent, from the verb "to become." Since there is no Hebrew equivalent for the word "to be," the first "was" in Gen. 1:2 must refer to another Hebrew verb, in this case it is "to become" or "come to pass." This depicts what we saw earlier in Hebrews 11 regarding the age-times that God "framed " [G2675-katartizo], meaning not only that God established, arranged and set up, the age-times of His temporal order, but this word also means to refit, repair, mend, or reconcile, the broken Symmetry that had fallen into disrepair. This translation is not only authentic grammatically, but a study of the immediate and the remoter context more than strongly suggests it! First, God is Light and in Him is no darkness at all! His original creation in its pristine beauty had no darkness or imperfection. Darkness only came about when Lucifer turned away from the Creator's Light, taking the rebellious angels with him. To suggest that The Creator, the Father of Lights [Js. 1:17], Who is All-Light, would create the earth in darkness, is nigh unto blasphemy! It would take a complete and separate volume to document all the abundant Biblical evidence that speaks to the basic spiritual & physical juxtaposition of light to darkness. God did not create darkness or evil because they are contrary to His very nature [Isa. 45:7], but only the potential for darkness and evil when he created angels with freedom of will, who chose not to obey Him, removing themselves from His glorious Light. The Apostle Paul asks the pointed question [II Cor. 6:14], what communion hath Light with darkness? So we are to cast off the works of darkness [Rom.13:12], and put on the armour of light. Once Lucifer's iniquity was exposed, the spiritual Entropy that he activated, causing the ruin of the First Heavens and Earth could be understood. To see this we must understand first, that God's original Creation in the First Heavens and Earth was perfect. One aspect of this perfection pertains to energy transfer. In our current world, any transfer of energy always involves a dispersion of energy so that some of this energy is lost in the transfer or conversion process. This is called Entropy or the Second Law of Thermodynamics. However, God did not originally create His temporal order with this law in place. At first, God designed His Creation so that it worked with perfect energy efficiency. A perfect God is not a wasteful God. The Entropy law was not activated until Lucifer's disobedience to God was enacted. This activation of spiritual evil [raa] was manifested physically in the law of Entropy. All the processes in the physical world were affected by it's corruption and decay. In effect, all electromagnetic energy of the First Heavens and Earth was completely spent in the darkness of the Black hole activated by Lucifer's revolt, so that no more electro magnetic energy was available to be converted for any work to be done. This set the first Creation on the path to ruin, which ended up in what the Bible calls tohu va bohu. Contrary to modern scientific theory however, this process was not "spontaneous or purposless," and it was not brought about by chance or probability. It was in truth, brought about as a direct result of Lucifer's rebellion and war in Heaven, where he turned away from God's light, opening Pandora's Box of evil disobedience to the Creator's Sovereign Will. This scenario is revealed in this second verse of Genesis 1, where darkness was associated with the overflooded earth, becoming without form and void [II Pet. 3:5]. This is also why God had to re-energize light in Genesis 1:3 below, because the electromagnetic force that constitute the energy fields of light had reached the "maximum Entropy state." This is why the first "was" of Genesis 1:2 should be translated "became." Those who deny this translation must willingly or ignorantly turn a blind eye to the plain evidence in how the translators handle this same word in the verses that follow in the immediate context of Genesis 1.

Genesis 1:3
And God said let there be light and there was light.

   Both the verb for "be" and "was" is the same Hebrew word as "was" in Gen. 1:2, meaning "to become." As God repaired, mended and reconciled His Creation that became ruined, His first act was to enlighten the situation. Light is thus associated with order, and darkness with chaos and confusion. It is important to realize that this light included the entire electromagnetic light Spectrum, of which visible light is only a small part. The first recorded words the Creator spoke, are connected with Light. It is contrasted with darkness even as the "day" was separated from the "night."This required separation is rooted in Lucifer's revolt when he turned away from the Father's Light, unto darkness, which is the abscence of light. The result we have already seen in Rev. 12:3-9, when the devil led his angels in the unsuccessful coup', that got them all kicked out of heaven. As we continue our study of the immediate context, we take notice how the Hebrew word for "was" is consistently handled by the translators. In verse four, the verb "was" is the same Hebrew word as above, and it is italicized. Verses 9 and 10 below, relate a similar situation.

Genesis 1:9-10
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of waters called He seas: and God saw that it was good.

   The first "was" is again "to become" as the dry land appeared, in response to the Spoken Word of the Creator. This reflects the changing state of the receding waters and the dry land indicated by this Hebrew word for "was," as the material creation obeyed the Creator's command. This can be compared to the changed state of the Heavens and Earth from its original perfection into ruin, that resulted from Lucifer's revolt in Gen. 1:2. This is contrary to the evolutionary camp which holds that physical processes continue to function as they always have. The second "was" in verse 10 is in italics. Again verses 11-12 relate a similar situation. We also see the same Hebrew word (hayah) in Genesis 2:7, where man became a living soul, in Genesis 9:15, where the waters shall no more become a flood. Also in Genesis 19:26, where Lot's wife became a pillar of salt. Thus, can there be any doubt that God did not create the earth as a formless void, but that it became this way? The Hebrew translators have shown a very consistent handling of this word for "was" throughout the immediate and remoter context, which gives us very solid ground upon which our conclusions can stand. Since God's Creation became without form and void, the grounds upon which a separation between verses 1 and 2 of Genesis 1, should be placed are sure. Some have said this should be an undetermined period of time, but at the very least we must mentally distinguish verse 1 from verse 2, for the reasons we have just given.
   The notion of a temporal gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 is not new. This so called "gap theory" was popularized in the 19th century by Scottish Theologian Thomas Chalmers, and has carried into modern times. As we have just witnessed however, the basis for this time "gap," referring to the First Heavens and Earth, is not just theoretical, but Scriptural and it needs no connection to very long geological ages to maintain its vitality. Some Creationists have a tendency to exclusively link this so-called "gap theory" to a fundamentalist desire to account for long evolutionary ages of millions or billions of years, to accomodate a cosmic evolutionary theory. According to evolutionary views, the long geological ages are dated by the same fossil record forming the primary evidence of Darwinism. Due to this percieved link, these "young earth" Creationists have excluded the "gap theory" due to its ostensible connection to long geological ages. As we have already seen, there is no required link between the age of the First Heavens and Earth, and long geological ages. This gap could certainly have been thousands of years in length, not the millions or billions of years required by evolutionary theory. Once this false link is exposed, and the Scriptural basis for this idea is embraced in favor of its false scientific foundation, the problems associated with the idea dissapate. The second epistle of Peter sheds more light on this subject.

II Peter 3:3-5
3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, 4And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. 5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: 

   In II Peter 3: 4 above, the statement: "all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation," is intriguing in relation to the changing state of Creation indicated by the Hebrew verb (hayah) "to become" or "come to pass," in Genesis 1:2. Since adherents to Darwinism maintain long geological ages, which are founded upon a belief of Uniformitarianism that physical processes continue to function as they always have, they deny the Biblical record of a global cataclysm of any kind, whether it be the flooding of the First Heavens and Earth or Noah's Flood. They deny a global cataclysm because it is contrary to their uniformist belief that there has been no change in the physical processes science observes in our world. Yet, by revelation the Apostle Peter knew nearly 2000 years ago, that there would be doubters of God's Word in the last days who would oppose and be willingly ignorant of, the changing conditions of the destruction of First Heavens and Earth, and the Creation record of the Second Heavens and Earth. Amazingly, this record in II Peter 3, frames the ongoing conflict between the Biblical record of Creation that we are studying, as opposed to evolutionary theory. It is on this very point of the changing conditions highlighted as the earth became without form and void, that much of the argument turns, because as these "scoffers of the last days" deny the Biblical record of Creation, they are also denying the return of the Lord Jesus Christ by saying: "Where is the promise of his coming?" This is the bottom line and goal of all evolutionary theory, to attack and cast doubt on the witness of God's Word, and His only begotten Son, by "oppositions of science falsely so-called: which some professing have erred concerning the faith..." [I Tim. 6:20-21].
   What does the Genesis Creation record tell us about life in the First Heavens and Earth versus the Second? The Hebrew word for "create" in Genesis 1:1 is "bara" [H1254] referring to "the initiation of an object, not manipulating it after its creation. This is only activity which can be performed by the Creator-God. It also refers to bringing into existence that which had none prior."10 This word is also found in Genesis 1:21, 27 on the fifth and sixth days of the Creation record, in reference to the creation of "soul life" in mammals such as whales, winged fowl, and humans.

Genesis 1:21
And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

   Genesis 1:21 also states that God created every living creature that moveth. So if you were wondering about the defining trait of "soul life," if it moves, the Creator made, formed and/or created it. The word "creature" above is the Hebrew word "nephesh" [H5315], meaning a breathing creature. It is translated over 400 times as "soul" in English. Thus, in each case nothing like the oxygen-breathing mammals, or Adam and Eve with their unique spiritual creation in God's image, ever had any prior existence, in the First Heavens and Earth, else God would not have had to create them. God did not have to create light in Genesis 1:3, He only had to "call it out" with the words: Let there be light... because its essence and basic components were already in existence. The entire electromagnetic Spectrum existed prior to Genesis 1:3. So what kind of "life" was there in the First Heavens and Earth? Besides the angels of heaven and God Himself, there was no "soul life" at all, because it had no existence before Genesis 1:21. Thus, all the fossils belonging to oxygen-breathing animals and man can only belong to the Second Heavens and Earth, not the First! The First Heavens and Earth had no crocodiles, turtles, sabre-toothed tigers, wooly mammoths, brontosaurus, bats, or "cave-men," because they all breathe! We know this also because there was no death, prior to the fall of man from his Original Paradise in the Garden of Eden. Thus, the idea of the "gap theory" explaining very long geological ages of millions or billions of years is a ill-conceived to begin with, which is why we must not link the Biblical temporal gap between Genesis 1:1-2, with very long geological ages, and their associated fossil records. We can now see that this linkage is false and never should have happened in the first place. In any case, the witness of the Scripture stands paramount over that of science, and the Biblical record of the age-time of the First Heavens and Earth stands firmly on its own merits. If, as certain Creationists maintain, there is no "gap" between Genesis 1:1-1:2, then there remain points of Biblical logic that require explanation, which they must account for.

   First, some Creationists hold that because God called everything "good" during their Creation Week, which begins in Gen. 1:1, there remains no room for anything evil. But is this really the case? Did God really call everything "good"? The Biblical record shows that God did not call anything "good," until Genesis 1:4.

Genesis 1:4-5
And God saw the light that it was good
: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. 

   Let us first notice again, that the verb "was" is the same Hebrew word "to be" as in Genesis 1:2, and it is in italics. The big question here is if God did create the Earth without form and void as some Creationists hold, why didn't He call the darkness "good "? As we can see God only called the light "good," not the darkness! The answer lies in the truth that God did call all of His Works "good," but since He didn't call the darkness "good" ergo, it can not be part of His Works. God's Works were pronounced "good" seven times in Gen. 1, [4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31] denoting the spiritual perfection of His acts of making, forming and creating. To drive the point of this fundamental dichotomy home, God also divided the light from the darkness. This is consistent with what we saw earlier when God cast the rebellious angels out of Heaven, and their spiritual darkness was separated from His Light. [Rev. 12:3-9]
   Another point of logic that those who deny a distinct period of time between Genesis 1:1-1:2 must account for is; when did Lucifer commit his original sin if it was not during said temporal gap? If the Earth was created by God in darkness and confusion, and all was "good," then where is the time that allows for the fall of Lucifer, when the angels sinned? Some Creationists say that this occurred sometime on the sixth day, or between the sixth and seventh days of the Creation Week. If this is the case, then it would have occurred during the Creation Week when all was declared "good" by God. They must also account for a time period that allows for the First Heavens and Earth, which could not have happened during the Second Heavens and Earth. We are currently living in the Second Heavens and Earth which has lasted minimally, thousands of years, and we also know that the Third Heavens will last forever. If we are to believe those who deny a temporal gap in the first and second verses of Genesis 1, the First Heavens and Earth only took part of one day during the Creation Week. If you could fit the events all chronicled in Scripture regarding the Creation of the First Heavens and Earth, the angels in their first estate, the covering cherub on the Mountain of God, his revolt and seduction of his third of the angels, war in heaven, the angels cast out of Heaven, and the destruction of the First Heavens and Earth, into part of one day, then the editors at Readers Digest have nothing on you!
   Logically, the only time Lucifer could have committed his original sin was during the gap between Genesis 1:1-1:2. He had to have committed this sin before Genesis 3, because the serpent is already the active agent of evil, engaged in the temptation and seduction of Eve. It also had to have occurred prior to the events of the Creation Week in Genesis 1, or else it would have happened during the Second Heavens and Earth when all was declared "good." There is just seems to be no other place or time that allows for all the events described in our study to have happened, except during this prescribed temporal "gap." 
  Those who deny this "temporal gap" between Genesis 1:1-1:2, have attempted to explain the chaos and destruction of the Earth, only as early stages of God's Creation process, where the Earth is still unformed and unihabitated. Although, God did not create plant life, (the third day) or soul life, (the fifth day) until later during the events of the Creation Week, this does not mean that God did not already Create, Form and Make the elements of matter in a cohesive state. We know this because The earth became flooded. This implies first, that it was not flooded to begin with, meaning the dry land became flooded with this deluge. For this to happen, the dry land and the waters must already have been in a cohesive state. Thus, the weak nuclear force and the Strong Nuclear force were actively holding the integrity of the Mass in all matter in unity, holding he hydrogen/oxygen water particles together in a coherent Mass, on the surface of the Earth. Gravity was also operating, holding the waters on the earth's surface. The only quantum field that seems to have been effected at this time was the unity of Electromagnetic force, because all was in darkness, or the absence of light, as this darkness pervaded the faces of the deep. However, God didn't need to re-create the light, because it existed already in the beginning of the First Heavens and Earth. God only had to unify the bonds of the electromagnetic fields to return order to the light Spectrum. This is revealing because it shows us the nature of the cataclysm that destroyed the First Heavens and Earth.  
   As the archangel of light, Lucifer's authority included the elemental form and structure of eletromagnetic force-the light Spectrum. His act of destructive rebellion that threw the First Heavens and Earth into ruin, involved ripping apart the cohesion of the electro-magnetic fields that formed "light." This explains why it came to pass that the still formed waters and Earth were in darkness. This provides us a great example of scientific knowledge augmenting the truth of Scripture to provide a more complete picture of what really transpired. God's Word does not tell us that the all the elements of Creation were unformed in this early stage of the Creation Week, as the Big Bang theory postulates, but clearly that only the pre-existing created light was undone, and in need of the Creator's repairing & mending Hand. Thus, the idea of a formless unenergized Creation is not consistent with the witness of Scripture regarding the period leading up to the First Day of Creation [Genesis 1:2-5].           
   Once we allow God's Word to speak for itself, the problems of putting scientific, or any other considerations above the Scriptures are removed. As
we allow true science to be directed by the witness of God's Word, we can ascertain the scientific truths so that we do not err concerning the faith, but that it strengthens us in our Christian stand, against the forces of the darkness of this world. This study gives us a panoramic view of God's Temporal Order, and the events surrounding the "world that was then," and is designed to help those with "eyes to see and ears to hear," separate truth from error in this important area. 



1. Witness of the Stars, E.W. Bullinger, ppg 125-126.

2. God and the Astronomers, Stanley Jastrow, London 1992
3. The Companion Bible, E.W. Bullinger, Appendix 104. vii.
4. The Greek-Hebrew Key Study Bible, Spiros Zodhaites, [G3819]
5. Thayer's Greek English Lexicon of the N.T, Joseph Thayer, [G12
6. Figures of Speech used in the Bible, E.W. Bullinger, p. 208.
7. The Companion Bible, E.W. Bullinger, marginal note on Gen. 1:1.
8. Figures of Speech used in the Bible, E.W. Bullinger, ppg 251-252.
9. IBID p. 307
10. The Greek-Hebrew Key Study Bible, Spiros Zodhaites, [H1254]

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